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Imeta-incazelo

I-Isotretinoin iyi-ultra-effective acne treatment. Lapha, uzobona ukubuyekezwa kwe-isotretinoin, ukusetshenziswa kwe-isotretinoin, imiphumela ye-isotretinoin neminye imininingwane mayelana nemithi, kuhlanganise nesilinganiso kanye nezinyathelo zokuqapha.

I-Isotretinoin e-Raw (i-Accutane) ye-acne Ukuphatha i-Acne ne-Isotretinoin

Kuyini i-Isotretinoin (i-Accutane)?

Usuyifunayo i-isotretinoin eluhlaza (Isotretinoin 4759-48-2)? Yebo, uma ungajwayele, i-Isotretinoin iyisidakamizwa esisemthethweni semithi kadokotela. Mayelana ne-isotretinoin isebenzisa, imithi isetshenziselwa ukwelashwa nokuvimbela okukhulu, ukuphazamisa ama-nodular acne noma i-cystic acne.

Uma kuziwa ezakhiweni zamakhemikhali zase-Isotretioin, i-isotretinoin eluhlaza ngokuyisisekelo i-13-cis-retinoic acid. Iza njengomfutho ophuzi ophuzi olune-orange futhi unesisindo somzimba se-300.44. Ihlobene ne-retinoic acid kanye ne-retinol (i-vitamin A).

WIsikhwama se-cystic acne?

Mhlawumbe uyazibuza ukuthi yini i-cystic acne. A i-cystic acne uhlobo olunzima lwe-acne oluphumela emasongweni esikhumba evinjiwe, obangela ukutheleleka nokuvuvukala. Abantu abaningi, cishe amaphesenti angu-XNUM kwalabo abaneminyaka ephakathi kweminyaka engu-80 ne-11 abanenkinga, kodwa kuphela ingxenye encane yabo ene-cystic acne, eyimbi kakhulu kune-acne evamile.

I-cyst ye-acne ivame ukukhudlwana futhi ivuleke kakhulu kunokuthi ihlale ihamba njalo futhi ingase ihambe ngisho nangemva kokuthatha ukwelashwa nge-acne. I-pimple yama-cystic ingaba buhlungu futhi iningi ishiya ngemuva kobunzima obujulile.

Mhlawumbe i-acne yakho iyaqhubeka iqhubeka naphezu kwemizamo yakho eminingi yokuyisusa. Asikho isidingo sokubheka ukufana kwesandiso. Leli gama lisho ngokusheshisa ukwanda kwenani lento, kulokhu, i-acne. Ngakho-ke, ukufana kwesandiso ukuphindaphinda, ukusakazeka, noma ukukhula.

Manje, lokho eceleni.

Uma kwenzeka uzame zonke ezinye izindlela zokwelapha ezifana nemithi yokwelapha ngomlomo kanye nemithi ehlukahlukene yokwelashwa ukuze uphathe i-cystic pimple noma i-acne cyst, kodwa ngeze, i-Isotretinoin cishe iyona isisombululo esiphezulu. Ngaphandle kwalokho, lesi sidakamizwa singasetshenziswa njengokwelashwa kwezinye izimo zesikhumba, kuye ngokuthi kunconywe udokotela.

Igama le-Isotretinoin

I-Isotretinoin yisidakamizwa se-retinoid, umkhiqizo wevithamini A. yokwenziwa komzimba ibuye yaziwa ngamagama aso:

Absorica,

I-Accutane,

Amnesteem,

Claravis,

I-Myorisan,

Sotret

Zenatane.

Futhi, lesi sidakamizwa sitholakala ezinhlobonhlobo ezihlukahlukene zama generic.

Isotretinoin isebenza kanjani?

Ngaphandle kwalokho, u-Isotretinoin usebenzisa, mhlawumbe uyazibuza, "I-Accutane isebenza kanjani?" Kungani inamandla kakhulu ukuthi ingakwenza lokho amanye ama-antibiotic nemithi yokwelapha ayikwazi?

Nansi incazelo yempendulo yombuzo othi 'u-Accutane usebenza kanjani?'

Ngokufanayo nezinye izidakamizwa ze-retinoid, Isotretinoin imisebenzi ngokushintsha umbhalo wakho we-DNA. Umphumela wokuguqulwa ukunciphisa ubukhulu kanye nokukhiqizwa kwezingqungquthela ezisabekayo.

Uma uthatha i-Isotretinoin, iyanciphisa izigulane zesikhumba sakho esibucayi okubangela ukukhiqizwa kwe-sebum. I-Sebum iyinhloko ye-oily futhi ukukhiqizwa kwayo ngokweqile kungaholela ezindabeni ezihlukahlukene zesikhumba ezifana ne-acne.

I-sebum ngokweqile ivimbela izigcawu ezisabekayo, ukuvimbela amafutha esikhumba ukuba angaqhumeki. Lokhu kubangela ukuqoqwa kwamafutha ngaphansi kwesikhumba. Amabhaktheriya abangela i-cystic acne (i-acne vulgaris) ivame ukuphumelela esimweni esinjengokudla kwe-sebum.

Uma i-Acne vulgaris idla i-sebum esikhumbeni sakho, ikhiqiza imikhiqizo yokudoba kanye namafutha acids. I-excreta kanye nama-acids icasula izigulane ezisabekayo futhi zibenza zishaye. Amabala esikhumba ayenzeka ngenxa yalokho.

Ngakho-ke, uma i-Isotretinoin iyanciphisa izigulane ezisabekayo, inani lemveliso yazo ye-sebum linciphisa. Ngenxa yalokho, ukuvala ama-cores nge-sebum kuyanciphisa futhi. Uma sicabangela ukuthi ama-pimples, noma esikhundleni se-acne, ikakhulukazi avela ngenxa yesikhumba se-pore esibukwa yi-sebum, umphumela wemithi ubalawula.

Ivimbela ukuvinjelwa kwezingqungquthela ze-sebaceous ngakho-ke, kukhona amathuba okuba amabhaktheriya aphumelele esikhumbeni. Isidakamizwa sinciphisa ukuvuvukala kwesikhumba. Ngaphandle kwalokho, lesi sidakamizwa sinciphisa ukuqina kwamangqamuzana asetshenziselwe izigulane ezisabekayo. Lokhu kunciphisa amandla abo ukwakha amnyama namhlophe.

I-Isotretinoin ebomvu nge-acne Ukwelashwa

Isotretinoin 4759-48-2 Akungabazeki ukuthi ukwelashwa okunamandla kakhulu, ikakhulukazi ezimweni ezimbi lapho ukusetshenziswa kwama-antibiotics kanye nemithi yokwelashwa kwama-acial kwenzelwe ize. Enye into esabekayo mayelana ne-Isotretinoin njengokwelashwa kwe-acne yukuthi kungase kudingeke ukuyisebenzise isikhathi esifushane nje, mhlawumbe i-16 kumaviki angu-20 ukuze uzuze ama-pimples akho, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi unzima kangakanani.

Noma kunjalo, i-dermatologist yakho ingancoma inkambo yesibili yokwelashwa yesikhathi esifanayo ukuze kutholakale ngokugcwele isikhala sakho. Lokhu akufani nenye iningi lamanye ama-acne izidakamizwa ongase udingeke uzisebenzise ngokuqhubekayo isikhathi eside noma ngisho kuze kube phakade ukuze ugcine izicucu.

Nakuba kungavamile ukuba uphinde uphinde uthole izibhamu uma usuqedile nge-Isotretinoin yokwelashwa, isazi sakho sokunakekela isikhumba singakutshela ukuba uguqule emithini yemithi yama-acne yokulondoloza isikhumba sakho esisha, esingenamahlaya.

I-Isotretinoin e-Raw (i-Accutane) ye-acne Ukuphatha i-Acne ne-Isotretinoin

Kuthatha isikhathi esingakanani ukuze uqale ukubona imiphumela ye-Accutane?

Lokhu kungase kukumangaze uma ungakaze uzwe ngakho ngoba kuhlukile kokulindele; ama-pimples akho angase abe mabi kakhulu lapho eqala ukuthatha i-Isotretinoin. Hey! Ungaphumeleli okwamanje!

Noma kunjalo, uzoqala ukubona Imiphumela ye-Accutane ngaphakathi kwe-7 izinsuku ezingu-10 zenkambo yakho yokwelapha. I-pimple yakho izoqala ukwehla kancane kancane phakathi nesikhathi.

Ngokuyinhloko, ukuhlanza kwe-acne egcwele noma okugcwele kwenzeka ngaphakathi kwe-16 kuya kuma-24 amasonto esikoleni sokwelashwa. Uma usuqeda inkambo, cishe uzohlala ungenazintambo isikhathi eside kakhulu.

Inkambo yokuphindaphinda iphakanyiswa kuphela ezimweni lapho kubonakala khona ukuphindaphinda okucacile ngemuva kwenkambo yokwelashwa. Noma kunjalo, inkambo yokuphinda kufanele iqaliswe okungenani amasonto e-8 ngemuva kosuku lokugcina lwenkambiso yangaphambilini (yokuqala). Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi i-acne ingase ithuthuke phakathi naleso sikhathi emva kohlelo lokuqala.

Indlela yokusebenzisa i-Isotretinoin

I-Accutane (i-Isotretinoin) iyatholakala ku-oral 10-mg, i-20-mg kanye ne-40-mg i-gelatin capsules. Izakhi eziqukethwe kuwo wonke ama-capsule alo muthi zibandakanya i-bexx, i-hydroxyanisole enomphela, i-soybean oil, i-edetate disodium, i-hydrogenated yemifino yemifino kanye nama-hydrogen ase-soybean oil flakes.

Ngamunye we-isotretinoin 10mg, i-isotretinoin 20mg kanye ne-isotretinoin 40mg capsule inezinqubo ezahlukene zamabala. I-Isotretinoin i-10mg ine-iron oxide (obomvu) ne-titanium dioxide, i-20mg ine-FD & C Ebomvu No. 3, FD kanye ne-Blue Blue 1, ne-titanium dioxide ngesikhathi i-40mg ine-FD & C Yellow No-6, i-D & C Yellow no-10, ne-titanium dioxide color izinhlelo.

Kulimi lwe-layman isotretinoin i-10mg ivela embala obala obomvu, i-20 mg in maroon, kuyilapho i-40 mg iphuzi.

Isotretinoin isilinganiso

Isotretinoin isilinganiso uhlukile kweziguli ezahlukene. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuthi ulandele udokotela wakho kadokotela wemiyalelo yokusebenzisa elebula layo.

Ukubusa kwesithupha kungukuthi umthamo wakho wokuqala we-isotretinoin uxhomeke esisisindo somzimba wakho, inkinga yezokwelapha oyisebenzisa ngalo muthi kanye namandla omuthi.

Kubantu abadala nabantwana okungenani abaneminyaka engu-12 ubudala, isilinganiso semaphakathi nsuku zonke yi-0.5 ku-1 milligram (mg) kilogram (kg) yesisindo somzimba. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi umthamo udokotela wakho uyancoma, kufanele uthathwe ngokudla njalo.

I-Isotretinoin dose ithathwa njengezilinganiso ezimbili ezihlukanisiwe kanye nesiguli esifanelekayo kufanele sithathe i-15 kumaviki angu-20. Kubantwana abancane kuneminyaka eyi-12 ubudala, isilinganiso sabo kumele sithathwe udokotela wabo.

Uma udokotela wakho ekunika i-0.5 mg / kg / day isotretinoin dose, lokho akusho ukuthi uzosebenzisa lelo dosi kukho konke ukwelashwa. Kuncike ekuphenduleni kwakho kwezidakamizwa, ikakhulukazi ngokususwa kwe-acs yakho ye-cystic nokubukeka kwemiphumela emibi yomtholampilo, udokotela wakho angalungisa umthamo.

Nazi isilinganiso se-Isotretinoin 4759-48-2 ngokuya kwesisindo somzimba

Isisindo somzimba

Isamba mg / usuku
I-Kgs Amakhilogremu 0.5 mg ngekg 1 mg ngekg I-2 mg ngekg *
40 88 20 40 80
50 110 25 50 100
60 132 30 60 120
70 154 35 70 140
80 176 40 80 160
90 198 45 90 180
100 220 50 100 200

Kodwa-ke, kukhona okukhethekile kwibala lokunconywa kwenzalo. Abantu abadala abane-acs acne eyingozi eyenza ukukhwabanisa noma ama-nodular acne ikakhulukazi abonakala emhlane wabo bangadinga ukulungiswa okungenani kwe-2.0 mg / kg / ngosuku, kuye ngokubekezela kwabo ku-myorisan (Isotretinion).

Ukusetshenziswa kwe-Isotretinoin

I-Accutane (isotretinoin) kufanele ithathwe ngokudla. Kunconywa ukuthi uthathe wonke umthamo wesidakamizwa masinyane emva kokudla noma ukudlala ukuqinisekisa ukuphumelela okukhulu kwemithi.

Ukwehluleka ukuthatha izidakamizwa ngokudla kuzonciphisa ukumuncwa kwalo umzimba kakhulu. Ngakho-ke, ngaphambi kokuthi udokotela wakho alungise umthamo wakho phezulu ukuze ukwandise ukusebenza komuthi, uzobuzwa mayelana nokuthobela kwakho imiyalo yokudla.

Futhi, kufanele ugwinye i-Accutane capsule yonke ngaphandle kokuchoboza, ukuphuka, ukuhlafuna noma ukuyiphuza. Ngaphandle kwalokho, kufanele ugwinye ngeglasi eligcwele lamanzi.

I-Isotretinoin e-Raw (i-Accutane) ye-acne Ukuphatha i-Acne ne-Isotretinoin

Inkambo eyodwa ye-Isotretinion iboniswe ukuthi ibangele ukuxolelwa okugcwele noma okuqhubekayo kwama-acs acne. Kodwa-ke, njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, uma i-dermatologist yakho ithola ukuthi kuyadingeka ukuba ube neklasi yokwelapha yesibili, kufanele iqale kusukela ngeviki lesishiyagalombili emva kosuku loqeqesho lokuqala luphela.

Esikhathini sokucwaninga ukuhlaziya ukusebenza kahle kwemithi ye-isotretinoin, kwaqalwa ukuthi bonke bahlinzekela ukuhlanzwa kokuqala kwe-acne. Kodwa-ke, ukubuyisela emuva kanye nezindleko ezincane kubonakala kuphephile.

Yini okufanele uyigweme ngenkathi uthatha i-isotretinoin

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkukhulelwa ngenkathi uthatha imithi futhi kungakapheli inyanga eyodwa ekupheleni kwenkambo yokwelashwa.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkuncelisa ngesisu ngenkathi yokwelashwa futhi kungakapheli inyanga eyodwa emva kwenkambo. Kucatshangwa ukuthi lesi sidakamizwa singadlula ubisi lwakho futhi mhlawumbe silimaze ingane yakho kodwa ayikho ubufakazi besayense bokuqinisekisa ukusola.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkunikeza igazi ngenkathi kuthatha imithi futhi kungakapheli inyanga eyodwa ekupheleni kwenkambo yokwelashwa. Uma owesifazane okhulelwe ethola igazi lakho elizinikele, umntwana wakhe angase abe engozini yemiphumela emibi yemithi.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkuthatha ezinye imithi noma imikhiqizo ye-herbal equkethe i-Accutane (i-isotretinoin) ngaphandle kokuthi uvunyelwe udokotela wakho.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkushayela ebusuku uma kwenzeka umbono wakho ebusuku ubathintekile yi-Accutane (isotretinoin).

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkuthola inqubo yokwenza izimonyo zesikhumba smoothening, ngenkathi uthatha i-Accutane nezinyanga eziyisithupha ngemuva kokulashwa. Lezinqubo zibandakanya ukuxaka, i-dermabrasion, ne-lasers. Imithi ingakwenza ube yingozi kakhulu ekubhekaneni nalezi zinqubo.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkukhanya kwelanga nokukhanya okukhanyayo kwe-ultraviolet. Imithi ingakhuphula ukuzwela kwesikhumba sakho kulezi zibani.

I-AASRAW Icon IkholiUkukwabelana ngezidakamizwa nabanye abantu. Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, isidakamizwa kufanele sithathwe kudokotela odokotela.

Iphutha le-Accutane (i-isotretinoin)

Uma kwenzeka ulahlekelwa umthamo wakho we-myorisan, kufanele uwuthathe ngokushesha. Noma kunjalo, ukhumbule ngakho uma sekusele isikhathi somthamo wakho ozayo, vele ususe umthamo ongekho futhi uphinde uqale isimiso sakho sokufaka isicelo esivamile. Thatha umthamo olandelayo ngesikhathi esivamile. Ungathathi ama-doses amabili ngesikhathi esisodwa noma usondelene kakhulu.

Izidingo ezikhethekile zokuchaza

Ngenxa yemiphumela emibi ye-Accutane (i-isotretinoin), ukumaketha kwesidakamizwa kwenziwa kuphela ngohlelo olukhethekile olunabelwe lokusabalalisa okuthiwa i-iPLEDGE ™. Lolu hlelo luvunyiwe yi-Food and Drug Administration.

Ababhali bemithi kumele babhaliswe futhi baqaliswe ngalolu hlelo- IPLEDGE. Ngaphandle kwalokho, lesi sidakamizwa kuphela iziguli eziye zabhaliswa ngohlelo futhi ziqinisekiswe ukuthi zihlangabezane ngokugcwele nezidingo zalolu hlelo.

Ngakho-ke, yini konke mayelana nohlelo lwe-iPledge?

Inhloso eyinhloko yohlelo lwe-iPledge ukuqinisekisa ukuthi abantu abaqeqeshiwe kuphela abayithatha imithi kanti nemiphumela emibi ingagcinwa ngendlela encane ngangokunokwenzeka ngokunamathela emithonjeni yemithi nokulondoloza ngokuqinile izinyathelo zokuqapha. Izinto ezihilelekile kulolu hlelo zibandakanya ukuhlolwa kokukhulelwa kwenyanga kanye nokulawulwa kokuzalwa. Khuluma nodokotela wakho ukuze wazi okwengeziwe ngohlelo.

Ukuhlolwa kokukhulelwa

Iziguli zesifazane ezingakhulelwa kufanele zithole izivivinyo ezimbili zokukhulelwa noma ukukhulelwa okungenani ubuncane be-25 mIU / mL. Imiphumela yabo kokubili ukuhlolwa kumele ibe yinto engafanele kubo ukuthola imvume yabo yokuqala ye-Accutane (isotretinoin).

Isivivinyo sokuqala sitholwe ngumbhali ochaza i-Accutane (i-isotretinoin) ekuqinisekiseni ukuthi i-acne ifanelekele ukwelashwa kwe-Accutane. Isivivinyo sesibili senziwa ngokuyinhloko ukuqinisekisa imiphumela yokuhlolwa kokuqala. Kumelwe kwenziwe kwilabhuretha ne-CLIA isitifiketi. Isikhathi phakathi kwevivinyo ezimbili akufanele sibe ngaphansi kwezinsuku ze-19.

Uma ngabe uyisiguli se-cystic isiguli esinomjikelezo wokuya esikhathini, ukuhlolwa kwesibili kokukhulelwa kufanele kwenziwe ezinsukwini eziyisihlanu zokuqala esikhathini esiya phambili ngaphambi kokuqala kokwelashwa kwe-Accutane (isotretinoin). Ngaphandle kwalokho, ukuhlolwa kufanele kwenziwe ngemuva kokusebenzisa izinhlobo ezimbili zokuvimbela ukukhulelwa kwezinsuku ze-30.

Uma umjikelezo wakho wokuya esikhathini ungavamile, noma usezingeni lokuvimbela ukubeletha elivimbela ukukhipha ukuphuma, ukuhlolwa kwesibili kufanele kwenziwe esikhathini esandulela kuqala ukuqala kokwelashwa kwe-Accutane (isotretinoin). Njengalawo wesifazane onomjikelezo ovamile wokuya esikhathini, lokhu kuhlolwa kufanele kwenziwe ngemuva kokusebenzisa izinhlobo ezimbili zokuvimbela ukukhulelwa kwezinsuku ze-30.

Udinga ukuqonda futhi ulandele ngokuqinile zonke izidingo zohlelo lwe-iPledge. Uma kungenjalo, ngeke ufanelekele ukuthola isidakamizwa noma enye imithi yomuthi.

Sasibona ngaphambilini ukuthi kunezinhlobo eziningi ze-isotretinoin brand. Enye into okufanele ukwazi ukuthi ama-isotretinoin brand ahlukene asebenza ngokuhlukile. Ngokwenza njalo, amakhemikhali omuthi othize wesidakamizwa akufanele afakwe esikhundleni senye indlela ye-isotretinoin.

Ngokwesibonelo, akufanele ubeke amakhemikhali e-Accutane nge-Absorica capsules. Ngakho-ke, uma kwenzeka ugcwalise i-isotretinoin yakho (i-Accutane) futhi uthola ukuthi ibonakala ihlukile kokuqala, funa ukucaciswa kusuka kumakhemikhali wakho.

Yimiphi imiphumela emibi we-Accutane

Mhlawumbe ngalesi sikhathi uyazibuza, "i-Accutane iphephile?"Kahle; kuleso sikhulu semithi yokwelashwa kwe-ultra-effective for acne, njenganoma imuphi umuthi, kungabangela eminye imiphumela emibi. Kodwa akukho okukhathazayo mayelana nemiphumela emibi ye-Isotretinoin ikakhulukazi uma ulandela imiyalelo encwadini futhi ugcine ngokucophelela izinyathelo zokuzivikela.

Sizobona okuningi mayelana nezinyathelo zokuqapha (i-dos ne-don't) lapha kamuva.

Enye into okumele uyikhumbule ngemiphumela emibi ye-Accutane yilokho akuwona wonke umuntu othatha imithi ehlangabezana nabo (imiphumela engathandeki). Ngaphandle kwalokho, imiphumela engathandeki iyavama uma uyeka ukuthatha imithi.

Nakuba amanye ama-side effects e-Accutane ejwayelekile futhi enzima kakhulu, amanye ajwayelekile futhi aqinile kakhulu. Ake siqale sibheke imiphumela emibi ye-Accutane.

Imiphumela ye-Common Isotretinoin

Imiphumela ejwayelekile ye-Isotretinoin ifaka phakathi:

  • Ukomisa isikhumba, ukukhwabanisa nokukhwabanisa
  • isikhumba sikhumba, ikakhulukazi ezintendeni nasezintabeni
  • Umlomo, impumulo, nesomiso
  • Izindebe ezikhethiwe
  • I-Nosebleeds
  • Izinwele ezincane
  • I-photosensitivity
  • Umbono webusuku owehlisiwe
  • Ukukhathala (ukukhathala ngokweqile
  • Izindebe ezibomvu, eziqhekekile nezindlebe

Imiphumela emibi engavamile ye-Accutane

Nakuba imiphumela emibi elandelayo ingenzeka, ukuvela kwabo akuvamile. Eqinisweni, kuphela ngaphansi kwe-0.001% yabantu abathatha isipiliyoni semithi yezidakamizwa lezi zibi kakhulu. Le miphumela ihlanganisa:

  • bekhanda
  • Amathambo namajoyini abuhlungu
  • Amathumba nesisu esiswini
  • I-nausea
  • Ukuvota
  • Ubuhlungu noma ubunzima ngenkathi ugwinya okuthile
  • Uhudo
  • Ukuphuma kwegazi

Isikhumba esomile nezindebe yimiphumela emibi kakhulu. Ukuze uvikeleke, ungenayo ukwelashwa, ukulimala noma ukuphathwa kokhumba kwesikhumba ngenkathi uthatha i-isotretinoin yezintambo futhi okungenani izinyanga ze-6 ngemva kokuyeka, ngoba lokhu kungabangela ukuchotshozwa noma isikhumba sokucasula.

  • Izinga lokuzalwa

Abantu abaningi babuza, "Ingabe i-Accutane iphephile ngabesifazane abakhulelwe?" Impendulo ayikho; akuphephile nhlobo kwabesifazane abakhulelwe.

Abesifazane abakhulelwe badikibala kakhulu ukusebenzisa i-Accutane ngenqubo yokunakekelwa kwama-acne noma ama-cystic acne noma nganoma iyiphi injongo. Futhi, abesifazane abangeke bakhulelwe ngesikhathi sokuphathwa kweRoaccutane akufanele basebenzise lesi sidakamizwa.

Isizathu salokho kuxwayisa ukuthi umphumela we-Isotretinoin indlela yokusebenza, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi i-Isotretinoin isilinganiselwa, ingathinta isisu, okubangelwa ukukhubazeka kokuzalwa. Ezinye izitho zomzimba / izingxenye zomntwana ongathinteka yizinto ezingavamile zihlanganisa ubuso, ubuchopho, izindlebe zezinhliziyo, amehlo kanye ne-thymus nezigulane zomsindo.

Futhi, owesifazane okhulelwe othatha le mithi usemngciphekweni omkhulu wokukhipha isisu noma ukuzalwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi.

Uma owesifazane othatha i-Accutane (i-Isotretinoin) ekhulelwa (ekhulelwa), kufanele ayeke ukusebenzisa lesi sidakamizwa ngokushesha futhi avakashele i-Obstetrician-Gynecologist ehlangene nobuthakathaka bokuzala.

Nakuba kungekho ndlela enembile lapho ochwepheshe angase aqinisekise uma ingane engakazalwa ishintshwe yi-Isotretinoin indlela yokwenza isenzo, ingakwazi ukuqhuba ukuhlolwa ukuze kutholakale ukuthi kungenzeka. Ngaphandle kwalokho, umama uzothola ukweluleka ukuze akwazi ukubhekana nokukhathazeka okubangelwayo kanye nemiphumela engalungile.

I-Isotretinoin e-Raw (i-Accutane) ye-acne Ukuphatha i-Acne ne-Isotretinoin

DI-oes Isotretinoin nayo ibangela ukucindezeleka?

Ukucindezeleka ngumphumela ophikisana kakhulu we-Isotretinoin. Kuneminye imibiko ebonisa ukuthi abanye abantu bathatha ukucindezeleka kwesipiliyoni sezidakamizwa. Noma kunjalo, abukho ubufakazi besayensi obuxhumanisa ne-roaccutane nokuzibulala.

Akekho ongakwazi ukuchaza ngempela ukuthi lesi sidakamizwa singabangela ukucindezeleka. Kodwa-ke, ososayensi abathile bakholelwa ukuthi imithi ingaphazamisa ukukhiqizwa kwe-serotonin kanye nendlela esetshenziswa ngayo umzimba.

Mhlawumbe lokhu kuzwakaza okwesabekayo kodwa asikho isizathu sokuthi alamu. Isizathu? Iningi labantu abasebenzisa i-Isotretinoin bahlangabezana nanoma iyiphi inkinga yengqondo. Eqinisweni, akukho ubufakazi obuphelele obuxhumanisa ukusetshenziswa kwe-Isotretinoin nokucindezeleka. Okungcono kakhulu; ezinye izifundo ziye zafakaza ukuthi kungenzeka yini ukuxhumana phakathi kwalaba ababili.

Noma kunjalo, njengendlela yokuqapha, uma kwenzeka unomlando wokucindezeleka noma yiluphi olunye uhlobo lokugula kwengqondo, qiniseka ukuthi uyayilungisa onguchwepheshe wezempilo ngaphambi kokuba uqale ukuthatha i-Isotretinoin. Futhi, uma uthuthukisa izimpawu zokucindezeleka zinezizathu zokuzibulala noma i-psychosis ngenkathi uthatha u-Isotretinoin; unganqikazi ukuvumela umhlinzeki wakho wezempilo wezempilo ukuba azi ngakho.

Indlela yokubhekana nemiphumela emibi ye-Accutane

Kukhona izinto ongayenza ukubhekana nemiphumela emibi ye-Isotretinoin:

Isotretinoin side effect Indlela yokubhekana nayo
isikhumba esomile noma izindebe Faka isicelo se-moisturizer (okungcono okungenamafutha omzimba wesikhumba esibucayi) kanye ne-lip balm ezindebeni zakho njalo

Nciphisa isikhathi sakho sokugeza sibe ngaphansi kwamaminithi we-2 bese usebenzisa amanzi ashisayo esikhundleni sokushisa

Ukwandisa ukuzwela kwesikhumba ekukhanyeni Hlala kude nelangeni elikhanyayo bese usebenzisa into ephakeme, ukhilimu we-sun-free on isikhumba sakho ngisho nalapho sekufuze. Gwema ukusebenzisa i-sunlamp noma ama-sunbeds
Amehlo amile Cela isazi sakho sezinyathelo ukuthi sincoma kuwe amanye amaconsi eso. Uma kwenzeka ugqoka amalensi oxhumana naye futhi uzizwa ungakhululekile ngenkathi uthatha u-Isotretinoin, ungawafaka ngezibuko ngesikhathi ozoyithatha imithi.
Dry umlomo / umphimbo Cheng i-gomme noma amaswidi.
Ukuphathwa yikhanda

ubuhlungu Joint

Ubuhlungu besisu

Cela umakhemikhali wakho ukuba akuphakamise isidakamizwa esibuhlungu.

Gwema ukuzivocavoca okukhulu njengoba kungase kube nzima kakhulu ubuhlungu

Ingabe i-Isotretinoin iphephile ukuze isebenzise?

Impendulo yokuthi i-Isotretinoin ephephile ukuyisebenzisa ingaba yebo noma cha. Kuxhomeke kumuntu ngamunye.

Okokuqala, njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, kunezimo ezithile (isibonelo, abesifazane abakhulelwe noma labo abakwazi ukukhulelwa) okwenza abanye abantu bangafaneleki ukusebenzisa lesi sidakamizwa. Uma unayo le mibandela, ngeke iphephile ukuthi usebenzise i-Isotretinoin

Ngaphandle kwalokho, i-Isotretinoin ihloselwe kuphela ukuthathwa ngabantu abane-acne acne / nodular acne noma i-acne egcwele emhlane noma emzimbeni ongayikucaca ngisho nangemva kokuthatha i-retinol nge-acne noma enye imithi yokwelapha. Uma ngabe i-acne yakho ibumnene, i-dermatologist yakho cishe izokubeka eminye imikhiqizo emnene ne-vitamin A ye-acne noma yimuphi omunye ukwelashwa okwenziwe ngomuthi we-acne.

Indlela yokuthenga i-Accutane (i-isotretinoin) ku-intanethi

Uma ngabe umkhiqizi, isiguli noma umuthi wezokwelapha, uhlangabezane nazo zonke izidingo zohlelo lwe-iPledge kanye nesidingo sokuthenga i-isotretinoin, ungawuthola kalula ku-intanethi mahhala. Noma kunjalo, khumbula ukuthi kukhona i-caveat uma kuziwa ekuthengiseni kwalesi sidakamizwa; kufanele kudayiswe kuphela abahlinzeki abavunyelwe iPhiko nabamakhemikhali.

Ukuze uvunyelwe ngokusemthethweni ukusabalalisa noma ukuthengisa i-isotretinoin, kufanele ubhalise kuqala nge-iPLEDGE futhi uvumele ukugcwalisa zonke izidingo ezihambisana nesistimu yokusabalalisa komkhiqizo we-isotretinoin.

Uma sicabanga ngezidingo, aasraw.com yiyona engcono kunazo zonke, elula kakhulu nendawo lapho ungathenga khona i-isotretinoin ngokungapheli. Sithengisa i-isotretinoin yangempela eluhlaza kanye ne-isotretinoin capsules kubadayisi nabasokhemisti ngamanani okuncintisana.

Kufanele ugcine kanjani i-Accutane (isotretinoin)?

I-Accutane (i-isotretinoin) kufanele igcinwe kwisitsha esivaliwe ekamelweni lokushisa (59 ° kuya ku-86 ° F, 15 ° kuya ku-30 ° C). Indawo ogcina ngayo le mithi kufanele ibe kude nokushisa nokukhanya okuqondile futhi kufanele ibe yomswakama. Ngaphandle kwalokho, lesi sidakamizwa akumele sithandwe futhi kufanele sigcinwe ngaphandle kwezingane.

Ungalondolozi lesi sidakamizwa uma kungasadingeki noma kusesikhathini. Noma kunjalo, musa nje ukulahla usebenzisa noma iyiphi indlela; thintana nochwepheshe wakho wezempilo ukuze uthole izinkombandlela zokulahla kahle.

Ukubuyekezwa kwe-Isotretinoin

Manje ake sibone ukubuyekezwa kwe-Isotretinion kwabanye abantu abaye basebenzisa le mithi.

UHannah White: "Awukwazi ukuhlala uzolile! Okokugcina, ngiye ngakwazi ukuthola ubuso obungenasici obubhekene namahhala engibukele iminyaka. Kusukela ngisakhula eminyakeni engu-12 eyedlule, ngangilokhu ngilwa nezikhali ezinzima. Ngalahlekelwa ukuzethemba kwami ​​njengomphumela.

Ngazama cishe yonke imikhiqizo yama-anti-acne kodwa akekho noyedwa owawukwazi ukulahla izibhamu. Ngonyaka odlule, umngane wangitshela ukuba ngizame i-Isotretinoin engiye ngayenza. Ngiqede ukwelashwa izinyanga ezimbili ezedlule futhi ngiyajabula kakhulu ngemiphumela. I-acne yami isusiwe futhi amabala amnyama ayaphela futhi. Ngizoyincoma ngempela lesi sidakamizwa kumuntu. "

UKelly: Angikwazi ukubonga noma ubani okhuphuke ne-isotretinoin ngensimbi. Ukube kwakungesizo izidakamizwa, ngisazoqhubeka ngibhekene ne-acs acne acne. Ngingabeluleka noma ubani okhona lapho efuna ukuyeka imishanguzo ye-cystic acne ukuvakashela udokotela wabo bese uthola ukuthi kulungile yini ukuba basebenzise i-Isotretinoin (Accutane). Lo muthi usebenza ngempela izimangaliso; Ngingafakazela ngokuqiniseka lokho.

UJuliana: "Nakuba i-isotretinoin ingilahle ingalo nomlenze, ngathola inani elikhulu lemali yami. Eqinisweni, ngizizwa sengathi nginingi ngaphezu kwalokho engikhokhele. Ngiyaqiniseka ukuthi ngabe ngiqhubeka yini ukusebenzisa imithi yami evamile, ngabe ngabe ngisebenzise imali engaphezulu, kodwa ngingazange ngithole imiphumela efunayo. Ngincoma ngokuqinile i-Accutane ye-acne eshaye eminye imikhiqizo enevithamini A nge-acne. "

U-Emily Hanson: "wow! Ayikwazanga ukujabula kakhulu nge-action isotretinoin yesenzo kanye nemiphumela. Ngemva kokufunda ukubuyekezwa okuningi kwe-isotretinoin, nganquma ukuvakashela i-pharmist ukuze ngithole ukuthi ngabe izidakamizwa zingifanele yini.

Lapho ebona irekhodi lami lokunakekelwa kwama-acne, waqinisekisa ukuthi i-acne ingaphathwa ngokusebenzisa i-isotretinoin njengoba yayinzima futhi yaqhubeka isikhathi eside naphezu kokwelashwa okuhlukahlukene. Ngaqala ukubona ukuthuthukiswa okubalulekile ebusweni bami phakathi kwamasonto okuqala e-10 ekwenzeni ukwelashwa kanye neviki le-20th, i-acne isuliwe ngokuphelele. "

UBilly Harts: Ngingumnikazi wemithi ovunyelwe kanye ne-iPledge onesidakamizwa esise-Illinois. Ngaqala ukuthengisa i-isotretinoin cishe ngonyaka owodwa odlule nomfana ...! Lesi sidakamizwa sithengisa njenge-hotcake. Ngisho nezidingo ze-iPledge, iziguli zami zidumisa kakhulu. Ngingathanda ukubonga i-aasraw.com ngokuyisondeza kimi.

USalome Williams: "Ungakhathazeki ngezindleko ze-isotretinoin; le mithi yiyona into yangempela yokwelashwa kwama-cystic acne. Sekuyiminyaka emithathu kusukela ngesikhatsi ngiqeda inkambo yami yokwelapha i-isotretinoin futhi ngingeke ngijabule ngemiphumela. I-acne yami yanyamalala futhi manje ngiyakwazi ukuphuma ngokuzethemba. "

UCharlene B: Ukuphumelela kwalesi sidakamizwa ekulwa nokukhwabanisa okunamandla akufani. Ngangizame imikhiqizo eminingi yokwelapha ama-acne futhi yi-isotretinoin kuphela eyakwazi ukungikhulula engozini. Ngibonga kakhulu ngalesi sidakamizwa esikhulu.

Isotretinoin online

Isotretinoin akungabazeki ukuthi ukwelashwa kwe-acne ephumelelayo. Uma kwenzeka une-acs enkulu noma isiguli esinama-cystic abalulekile angacacisi ngisho nangemva kokuthatha ezinye izidakamizwa ze-acne, lesi sidakamizwa cishe sinamandla okukhetha ukwelapha. Kodwa-ke, izeluleko zikadokotela zibaluleke kakhulu ngaphambi kokuthi umuntu aqale ukuthatha le mithi. Kanti futhi, isiguli nesiguli somuthi kufanele siqinisekise ukuthi bahlangabezana nazo zonke izidingo eziqondene nokuphathwa kwemithi.

Okubhekwayo

  1. UWysowski, u-Diane K., uJoslyn Swann, no-Amarilys Vega. "Ukusetshenziswa kwe-isotretinoin (i-Accutane) e-United States: ukwanda okusheshayo kusuka ku-1992 nge-2000." Umagazini we-American Academy of Dermatology4 (2002): 505-509.
  2. Williams, HC, Dellavalle, RP, & Garner, S. (2012). I-Acne vulgaris. I-Lancet, 379(9813), i-361-372.
  3. UFeldman, S., Careccia, RE, Barham, KL, & Hancox, J. (2004). Ukuxilongwa nokwelashwa kwama-acne. I-American Family Physician, 69(9), i-2123-2138.
  4. I-Barak, Y., Wohl, Y., i-Greenberg, Y., i-Dayan, i-YB, i-Friedman, i-T, i-Shoval, i-G., ne-Knobler, i-HY (i-2005). Ukucindezeleka kwengqondo kulandela ukuphathwa kwe-Accutane (isotretinoin). I-psychopharmacology yomtholampilo yomhlaba jikelele, 20(1), i-39-41.
  5. Stern, RS, Rosa, F., & Baum, C. (1984). Isotretinoin nokukhulelwa. Umagazini we-American Academy of Dermatology, 10(5), i-851-854.
  6. Barnes, CJ, Eichenfield, LF, Lee, J., & Cunningham, BB (2005). Indlela ewusizo yokusetshenziswa kwe-isotretinoin yomlomo ye-acne infancele. Izidakamizwa zezingane, 22(2), i-166-169.
  7. Kilcoyne, RF, Cope, R., Cunningham, W., Nardella, FA, Denman, S., Franz, TJ, & Hanifin, J. (1986). I-hyperostosis encane yomgogodla ne-dootretinoin yokwelashwa okuncane. I-radiology yokuphenya, 21(1), i-41-44.

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